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Teaching with and for creativity begins by integrating the 4 Instructional Elements into instructional design.

Next, the 7 targeted Action Areas are introduced as tangible, attainable goals. Each has an accompanying teacher and student mindset and skillset components.




  1. Fluency – many ideas

  2. Flexibility – different types of ideas

  3. Originality – unique ideas

  4. Elaboration – adding details to ideas



  1. Person – understanding traits and behaviors

  2. Perception – learning to become more flexible in thinking

  3. Press – changing learning environments to increase creativity

  4. Process – using tools & strategies to improve creative output

  5. Product – creating visual & verbal products to express creativity

  6. Passion – exploring areas of life-long interests and passions

  7. Persistence – developing a mindset of continuous improvement